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What is the treatment for diabetes?

Unfortunately at the moment there is no “cure” for either type of diabetes, although there are many ways of keeping diabetes under control.

Diabetes treatments are designed to help control the sugar levels in the blood. A good control of blood sugar is the key to avoiding diabetic complications. People with diabetes can expect to live active, independent and vital lives providing  they make a lifelong commitment to managing diabetes.

Some of the actions necessary to manage diabetes include the following:

Education:

Diabetes education is an important first step. All people with diabetes need to be well  informed about their condition.

Physical activity:

 Regular physical activity helps your body lower blood glucose levels, promotes weight loss, reduces stress and enhances overall fitness.

Nutrition:

 What, when and how much you eat all play an important role in regulating blood glucose levels.

Weight management: 

Maintaining a healthy weight is especially important in the management of type 2 diabetes.

Medication:

Type 1 diabetes requires insulin. Injected insulin replaces the insulin missing in the body. You will need to learn how to balance your insulin with your food intake and your physical activity. It is important that you work with a diabetes educator and are under the care of a diabetes team, who can assist you in managing your diabetes

Type 2 diabetes treatment will vary dependent on your blood sugar levels. Type 2 diabetes is managed through physical activity, meal planning, lifestyle changes and may require medications and/or insulin to assist your body in controlling blood glucose more effectively. As diabetes is a progressive disease, and the treatment may change over time, requiring oral medication; if you are already taking medication, you may need an increased dose or multiple medications, and eventually, you may need to start on insulin. 

Lifestyle management:

 Learning to reduce stress levels in day-to-day life can help people with diabetes better manage their disease.

Blood pressure:

 High blood pressure can lead to eye disease, heart disease, stroke and kidney disease, so people with diabetes should try to maintain a blood pressure level at or below 130/80. To do this, you may need to change your eating and physical activity habits and/or take medication.

Preventing diabetes complications.

It is recommended that visit your health care provider at least two to four times a year. Talk about any problems you are having. Follow your health care provider's instructions on managing your diabetes.

This information has been sourced, in part from the following sites: Canadian Diabetes Association   Diabetes Wellness  Pub Med Health