How to Prevent Diabetes.
Type 1 diabetes
The exact cause of type 1 diabetes is not yet known, but it is not caused by poor diet and lack of activity. At this stage, nothing can be done to prevent or cure type 1 diabetes,
Type 2 diabetes
You can prevent or delay type 2 diabetes. Stay at a healthy weight, eat well and be active. With these steps, you can stay healthier longer and lower your risk of diabetes.
However, as type 2 diabetes results from a combination of genetic and environmental factors, and although there is a strong genetic predisposition, the risk is greatly increased when associated with lifestyle factors such as high blood pressure, being overweight or obese, insufficient physical activity, poor diet and the classic ‘apple shape’ body where extra weight is carried around the waist.
So to help prevent you getting type 2 diabetes:
if you smoke – stop!
if you drink alcohol aim for at least two alcohol-free days each week and consume no more than two standard drinks a day
be physically active – at least 30 minutes of moderate intensity exercise on most days of the week
follow a healthy eating plan.
People with Prediabetes
This refers to people with blood glucose levels that are higher than normal, but not yet high enough to be diagnosed as type 2 diabetes. Nearly 50 per cent of those with prediabetes will go on to develop type 2 diabetes.
Your health care professional should be able to recommend support programs that help people with prediabetes develop better eating habits, improve their coping skills, and increase their physical activity level have been proven to be effective.
People with prediabetes who lose 5%–7% of body weight and get at least 150 minutes a week of moderate physical activity can reduce the risk of developing type 2 diabetes by 58%.