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 Translation of common food terms -  Tamil, Hindi,  English.

 

 

 

 

HERBS and Spices

Tamil Hindi English
Magambu Choti Saunf/vilayati saunf Anise/anis/anise seed
Perungayam Hing Asafoetida
Punnai ilai/brinji ilai Tej patta Bay leaf
Kadalai paruppu Channa dhal Bengal gram
Kaatu yelam/karuppu yelakkai Bari Illachi/Kali illaichi Black cardamom
Milagu Kali mirch or Gol mirch Black pepper
Ulutham paruppu Urad dhal Broken black gram
Karunjeeragam Shahi jeera Caraway seeds
Yelakkai Chotti Elaichi Cardamom
Pattai Dalchini Cinnamon
Lavangam Lavang/laung Clove
Kothamalli vidhai Dhania Coriander seeds
Jeeragam Kala Jeera Cumin seeds
Kariveppilai curry patta Curry leaves
Chukku Saunth Dry ginger
Perunjeeragam Saunf Fennel
Vendhayam Methi Fenugreek
Vellam Gur Jaggery
Jadhipathri Javitri Mace/Nut mace
Mangai podi Amchur Mango Powder
kadugu Sarson Mustard
Jadhikkai Jaifal Nutmeg
Vengaya vidhai Kalonji Onion Seeds
Kasakasa Khuskhus Poppy Seeds
Sigappu milagai Lal mirch Red Chillies
Ellu Til.gingili Sesame seeds
Anasipu Chakra phool Star anise
Kalkandu Mishri Sugar candy
Manjal podi Haldi Turmeric powder
Omam Ajwan Tymol seeds/carom seeds

Vegetables

Tamil Hindi English
  Tinda / Indian Baby Pumpkin Apple Gourd
  Fansi / Phansi Beans - French Fresh
  Ajmud Celery
  Suva Bhaji Dill Leaves
Avaraikai Sem Broad Beans
Carrot Gaajar Carrot
Chinna Vengayam Gandhan / Piyaaz Kali Pearl Onion / Shallot
Cholam Makkai ke dana Corn Kernel
Chow chow / Banglore Kathirikkai   Chayote
Kaalaan Khumbi / Goochi Mushroom
Karamani Lobhia Cow pea Beans/ Long Beans
Karivepalai Kadipatta Curry Leaves
Karunai kizhangu Sooran Yam
Kathirikkai Baingan Brinjal / Eggplant
Kothaivarangai Guar Beans - Cluster Fresh
Kotthamalli Hara Dhania Coriander / Cilantro
Kovakkai Thendli / Kundru Ivy gourd / Tindora
Kudai milagai Simla Mirch Bell Pepper / Capsicum
Mara valli kizhangu Simla Aloo Tapiaco
Mullangi Mooli Radish
Murungai Ilai Muranka Bhaji Drumstick leaves
Murungakai Saijan ki phalli Drumstick
Muttai gose Patta Gobi / Bandh Gobi Cabbage
Noolkol Shalgam Turnip
Paaharkai Karela Bitter Gourd
Pacchai Pattani Mattar Green peas
Pachai Milagai Hari Mirch Green Chilly
Parangikai Kaddu Pumpkin
Pasala Keerai Paalak Spinach
Peerkangai Torai Ridge Gourd
Pookosu Gobi / Phool Gobi Cauliflower
Poosnikai Petha Ash Gourd
Pudalangai Chichinda Snake Gourd
Pudhina Hara Podhina Mint Leaves
Sakkrai valli Kizhangu Shakar Kandi Sweet Potato
Senaikizhangu Jangli Suran Elephant Yam
Senkizhanghu Chakunder Beetroot
Sepankezhangu Arbi Colocasia
Surakkai Ghiya / Lauki Bottle Gourd
Thakkali Tamatar Tomato
Urulaikizhangu Aloo Potato
Vaazhai poo Kele ka phool Plantain Flower
Vaazhakkai Hara Kela Plantain
Vazhaithandu Keke ka guda Plantain Stem
Vellarikai Kheera / Kakdi Cucumber
Vendakkai Bhindi Ladies Finger / Okra
Vendhaya Keerai Methi Leaves Fenugreek Leaves
Vengaya thaal Hari Piyaz Spring Onion / Scallion
Vengayam Piyaaz Onion

Fresh Fruits

Tamil Hindi English
Vennai pazham Makhanphal Avocado
Vazhai pazham Kela Banana
Sita pazham Sharifa Custard apple
Satthukudi Musambi Sweet Lime
Sarkarai Badami Zard-aloo Apricot
Sapota Chikoo Sapodilla
Perikai Nashpati Pear
Peach Aadoo Peach
Parangi Kharbooja Cantaloupe
Pappali Papeeta Papaya
Palapazham Kathal Jackfruit
Olives Zetoon Olives
Nellikkai Amla Gooseberry
Narinja kaayi / Kamala pazham Santra Orange
Naga pzham Jamoon Indian Blackberry / Java Plum
Musukottai Shehtoot Mulberry
Mampazham Aam Mango
Maadulam pazham Anar Pomegranate
Lychee Leechee Lychee
Kurudhi Nelli Karonda Cranberry
Goiya pazham Amrood Guava
Elimichaipazham Nimboo Lime
Elanthai pzham Ber Indian Jujube
Drachai Angoor Grapes
Dharbusini Tarbooj Water melon
Athi pazham Anjir Fig
Apple Seb Apple
Annasi pazham Anna-nass Pineapple
  Aloo-bukhaara Plum
  Kamrakh Star fruit

Grain Pulses and More

Tamil Hindi English
Kondai kodalai Chana Chickpea
Makka chola mavu Makai ka atta Corn flour
Karamani/Thattaippayaru Lobhia Cowpea
Kadalai Paruppu Chana dal Split chickpea
Sigapu payaru Rajma Dry red beans
Kelvaragu Ragi Finger millet
Thinai Kakum/kheri Foxtail millet
Kadalai mavu Besan Gram flour
Kollu Kulthi Horse gram
Cholam Jowar Jowar millet
Paruppu Dhal Lentil
Kambu Mavu   Millet flour
Puzhungal arisi Usna chawal Par boiled rice
Kambu Bajra Pearl millet
Payatham paruppu Moong Dhal Peeled broken green gram
Maida Maida Plain flour/All purpose flour
Pori Murmure / Parmal / Laee / Laiyaa Puffed rice
Arisi aval Poha Rice flakes
Javvarisi sabudhana Sago
Rawai Sooji Semolina
Pottukadalai   Split roasted gram or chickpea
Semiya Seviyan Vermicelli
Ghodumai Gehoon Wheat
Vellai karamani   White kidney beans
Karuppu ulundu Kali dhal (sabut) Whole black gram
Thuvaram paruppu Toor dal Split pigeon peas
Pasippayaru whole moong dhal Whole green gram

Dried Fruits and Nuts

Tamil Hindi English
Badam Paruppu Badam Almonds
Saara paruppu Chironji Buchanania lanzan seeds/pistachio soft
Mundiri paruppu Kaaju Cashew nut
unakkiya thengai thugal Suke kata narial Desiccated coconut
Perichampazham Khajur Dried dates
Aalpacota pazham Alu bukara Dry plum
Athi pazham Anjeer Fig
Verkadalai Mungphali Peanuts
  Chilgoza/chilgoja Pine nuts
Pista paruppu Pista Pistachios
Parangi vidhai Kadhu beej Pumpkin seeds
Ularndha dirakshai Kishmish Raisins
Ellu Til/gingili Sesame
Akhrot Akhrot Walnut

Common Bread

Baati Bread looking like bun cooked over ambers in Rajasthan
Bhatura Deep fried Maida flat bread
Chapati Basic whole wheat un-leavened flat bread, aka Roti
Kulcha Baked Maida flat bread
Naan Leavened flat bread baked in clay oven.
Paratha Griddle Fried flat bread
Pulkha Light weight version of Basic whole wheat bread (Roti)
Poori Deep fried flat puffed bread
Roomali roti Very Very thin bread
Roti Basic whole wheat un-leavened flat bread, aka Chapati
Roti Makki Corn (Maze) basic flat bread
Roti Missy Multi grain basic flat bread

This glossary is from Spicy Tasty " AUTHENTIC