It is the feast day of St. Wenceslas, the patron saint of Bohemia, and commemorates his death in 935. Also known as 'Czech Statehood day', it is a national holiday inthe Czech Republic and has been a public holiday since 2000. This is the same Good King Wenceslas, who is mentioned in a popular carol written in 1853 about St. Stephens Day.
Wenceslas was born near Prague in 907 and was the son of the Duke of Bohemia. His father died in 921 and Wenceslas ruled from 922, when he was 15 years old. Raised as a Christian, primarily by his grandmother, Ludmila who had been baptised by the Greek missionaries Cyril and Methodius who brought Christianity to the region. The reign of Wenceslas is marked by his support of the church, his aim to unify Bohemia and making peace with Germany.