Zimbabwe became independent on April 18, 1980 after a prolonged rule by the British Government. The independence day is celebrated in a subdued manner because of a number of political and economic reasons.
Zimbabwe was subject to British colonial rule for a significant period (1888-1965). At that time, the country was known as Southern Rhodesia. In 1953, the British colony of Southern Rhodesia turned into a portion of the Federation of Rhodesia and Nyasaland. In 1963, Nyasaland and Northern Rhodesia withdrew from the Federation, mentioning the severe circumstances in Southern Rhodesia. Zimbabwe Independence Day is the national day of Zimbabwe, a sovereign country in the southern part of Africa. It is observed on April 18 every year.